Types of incinerators
Incinerators are available for various purposes in different sizes and designs. Small plants are located in hospitals, to eliminate bacterially contaminated waste locally. By far the greatest proportion is treated in industrial plants, the energy released is used usually in the form of district heating or to generate electricity. Combustion method is usually the combustion furnace to rusting, in part, the fluidised bed by prior treatment of the waste.
Incineration on the grate
In the grate no treatment of the residual waste is required. is charged into the hopper of the plant by conveyor belts or cranes. About the charging device, consisting of a lock and the object table, the garbage is dosed conveyed into the oven chamber. He arrives on the grid, the further promotes the discontinued waste during combustion phases.
In the first zone, a drying of the waste takes place, the excess of 100 ° C followed by evaporation of the water content at temperatures. In the next zone in the temperature range of 250-900 ° C is carried out degassing of the waste. Upon reaching the flash point of the combustion degasification uses that runs incomplete at temperatures of 800-1150 ° C. On the last grate zone the terminal combustion is done.